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Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi

Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi (Picture 1)

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Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi, (1869 - 1948), honored as "Mahatma Gandhi", leader of the Indian National Liberation Movement, leader of the Indian National Congress. Gandhi is the founding father of India and the founder of Gandhism, a modern political doctrine that advocates non-violent resistance. His spiritual thoughts led the country to independence and to break away from British colonial rule. His "non-violence" philosophical ideas have influenced nationalists all over the world and the international movement for peaceful change.

Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi was born in a Hindu family and his father was the prime minister of the local state. When Gandhi was 19, he went to the UK to study law. In 1893, Gandhi came to South Africa under British rule, leading South African Indians to fight for rights. He combined the Hindu benevolence, vegetarianism, and non-killing ideas with the benevolence thoughts in the Bible and the Qur'an, and absorbed the essence of the thoughts of Solon and Tolstoy, and gradually formed non-violence. Cooperation theory. In 1915, Gandhi returned to India and soon became the actual leader of the Congress Party, making "non-violence and non-cooperation" the guiding ideology of the Congress Party and starting to run for India's independence.

On December 31, 1929, the Congress of the National Congress of Lahore adopted a resolution to fight for India's independence and authorized Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi to lead a new non-cooperative movement. In March 1930, he led 78 volunteers to start the "Salt Long March" and unveiled the second non-violent non-cooperative movement, which caused a great blow to the British colonialists. During the campaign, Gandhi negotiated with the Governor and attended the round table. The mass movement was thus relaxed and brutally suppressed by the British. In October 1934, Gandhi announced his withdrawal from the party due to serious differences with the leadership of the Congress Party, but he still guided the work of the Congress Party on key issues.

On September 3, 1939, after the British declared war on India, the extremely non-violent stance of Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi and the proposition of the leadership of the Congress Party to support the war were sharply conflicted. As a result, he was dismissed twice, and because the British government stubbornly refused to meet the requirements of the Congress Party, the Congress Party twice asked Gandhi to come back. During this period, Gandhi’s anti-imperialist stance has further changed.

In April 1942, under the situation that the majority of the masses in India were anti-British and the Japanese aggressors approached India, Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi put forward the slogan of the British “exit India”. And it launched the third non-cooperative movement from 1940 to 1941 and was preparing to launch the fourth non-cooperative movement, which was suppressed by the British. Imprisoned until May 1944. After the end of the war, the British government, which was in a state of internal and external difficulties, was under the pressure of the resurgence of the Indian National Liberation Movement and promised India’s independence. However, due to the long-standing differences between India and Mu, the influence of the British policy of divide and conquer, the separation of India and Pakistan is a foregone conclusion. Gandhi has worked tirelessly to maintain the unification of India, and he has no choice but to accept the rule of division. After independence, Gandhi won the high respect of the Indian people and the Congress Party. On January 30, 1948, Gandhi was assassinated by Hindu patriarchs.

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