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Singapore’s founding father, Lee Kuan Yew

Singapore’s founding father, Lee Kuan Yew (Picture 1)

Lee Kuan Yew (September 1923 ~ March 2015), Singapore Chinese, his ancestral home in Dapu County, Meizhou City, Guangdong Province. He graduated from Raffles College in Singapore and is one of the founders of the Singapore People's Action Party. Lee Kuan Yew served as Prime Minister of Singapore (Founding Head of State), Singapore's top leader, state affairs and cabinet minister, Secretary of the Singapore People's Action Party, Legislative Assembly (renamed Congress in December 1965), Singapore Prime Minister, Prime Minister, Prime Minister Senior Minister of the Office, Honorary Chairman of the International Confucian Association, Cabinet Minister (Prime Minister). He is known as the "Father of Singapore".

Lee Kuan Yew received English education at an early age. At the age of 12 (1935), he was admitted to the top Raffles College (the middle school). At the age of 18 (1940), he was admitted to the high school of the original school, but after the Japanese occupied Singapore. Interrupted school. After the war, Lee Kuan Yew won the Queen's Scholarship for the British Empire and began to study in the UK. In the early days of studying in the UK, Lee Kuan Yew studied at the London School of Economics and was influenced by the socialist theory of his teacher, Laski, while he was studying. He gradually showed his anti-colonial rule, but he was later known as the “anti-communist”. He once said in his memoirs, "The reason why people hate communists is that they adopt Leninism (centralization) methods, not their Marxist ideals."

In 1952, Lee Kuan Yew became famous for negotiating with the government on behalf of the “postmanship of Singapore strikes” and established a mass base in the trade unions, thus laying the foundation for his future political journey. The People’s Action Party participated in the first election held the following year. Lee Kuan Yew was successfully elected as a member of the Legislative Assembly and began to cooperate with Lin Qingxiang, the head of the Malaysian Communist Party (“Ma Gong”) in Singapore, to fight for autonomous status for Singapore. On June 3, 1959, the Singapore Autonomous State was established, and the PAP was also the largest party in the Legislative Assembly in the first election of the Autonomous State Government. Li Guangyao became the Prime Minister of the Autonomous State Government. Since then, Lee Kuan Yew has been hoping to merge with the Malayan United States to establish "Malaysia" to provide guarantees for Singapore's economic development, and finally to eradicate the growing "Ma Communist" forces in the region.

In July 1963, Lee Kuan Yew reached an agreement in London with the government of the Prime Minister of the Malayan United States Tunku Abdul Rahman (Tongula Raman) to formally merge. The combined Malaysian federal government and Lee Kuan Yew’s Singaporean self-governing government took action and arrested several senior Communist Party leaders in Singapore. After that, the Malaysian federal government and the Singaporean self-government government quickly became seriously divided on various economic policies. In 1964, when there was a racial riot in Singapore, the Lee Kuan Yew government accused the Malaysian Prime Minister Tunku Abdul Rahman and the federal government of trying to promote "ethnic chauvinism" in an attempt to make the Malays enjoy special high treatment in the Federation and to incite behind the scenes. The Malays in Singapore oppose the Singaporean government. The top officials of the federal government were very disgusted with this, and because of the unsuccessful negotiations between the two sides, Singapore was eventually expelled from Malaysia.

In the early days of his administration, Lee Kuan Yew advocated bilingual teaching, focusing on rote memorization. It was the wrong way. It led to several generations losing interest in Chinese and ruined the development of Chinese education in Singapore. In 1980, based on "English supremacy" and "political interests", the government of Lee Kuan Yew closed the Nanyang University, the only Chinese university outside the Greater China region, and the survival of Chinese education was ruined. Looking back at history, Singapore could have become the cultural, economic and political center of Southeast Asian Chinese. But Lee Kuan Yew’s regime only realized the benefits that the Western capital world can bring to Singapore. He did not realize that Southeast Asian Chinese businessmen and the world’s Chinese businessmen could bring greater Business.

In 1990, Lee Kuan Yew resigned as prime minister, but remained in the cabinet until May 2011. In addition, according to the board of directors of the Singapore Government Investment Corporation, which was first disclosed in 2003, Lee Kuan Yew has served as the chairman of the company since he retired as prime minister. The company is responsible for managing Singapore’s government foreign exchange reserves, but it has been the most mysterious company in the country. He always advocates "Asian values" and believes that Asian countries do not need to act in full accordance with Western values. Therefore, Lee Kuan Yew has also ignored the Western countries' criticism of his autocracy and believes that Western democracy cannot be imposed on the Asian people.

After independence, Lee Kuan Yew actively promoted economic reform and development, adopted a series of measures to strengthen internal affairs, and successfully made Singapore one of the most developed countries in Asia within 30 years. The economy grew by an average of 7% within 40 years. During his tenure, Lee Kuan Yew promoted the development of Jurong Industrial Park, the establishment of a provident fund system, the establishment of an ICAC, and education reform. In the early days of his administration, Lee Kuan Yew took some tough measures - such as imprisoning the Communist Party. The economy succeeded in uniting, changing the electoral district, controlling the media, and cracking down on opposition parties including foreign media. The current Singaporean government is known for its efficiency and integrity, and its people's living standards are higher than those of other Asian countries.

Lee Kuan Yew is a loyal supporter of a talented country. "We decide what is right, no need to think about what others think," he said in a speech in 1987. Lee Kuan Yew advocates high salary and honesty. Lee Kuan Yew’s government personnel are the highest in the world to attract social talent and prevent corruption. In Singapore, like other crimes, corruption is prevented by severe punishment, from whipping to death. As Lee Kuan Yew said, "Between love and fear, I always believe in Machiavelli's words. If no one is afraid of me, then I am meaningless." As a country, you can't even see the police in Singapore, which means great success.

A total of 9 high-resolution pictures:
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