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Chinese leader Mao Zedong

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Chinese leader Mao Zedong

Mao Zedong (December 26, 1893 - September 9, 1976), Hunan Xiangtan people. The Chinese people's leaders, the Marxists, the great proletarian revolutionaries, strategists and theorists, the Chinese Communist Party, the Chinese People's Liberation Army and the People's Republic of China, the main founders and leaders, poets, calligraphers. From 1949 to 1976, Mao Zedong served as the highest leader of the People's Republic of China. His contribution to the development of Marxism-Leninism, the contribution of military theory, and his theoretical contribution to the Communist Party was called Mao Zedong Thought. Mao Zedong was regarded as one of the most important figures in the history of modern world. "Time" magazine also rated him one of the most influential people in the 20th century.

Mao Zedong, December 26, 1893 was born in Hunan Xiangtan a peasant family. Before and after the May Fourth Movement to contact and accept Marxism, in November 1920, in Hunan to create communist organizations. In 1921 July, attended the first national congress of the Communist Party of China, and later served as secretary of the CPC Hunan district committee, leading Changsha, Anyuan and other areas of the workers movement. June 1923, attended the Communist Party of China "three", was elected as the central executive committee, to participate in the central leadership. In January 1924 after the KMT-CPC cooperation, in Guangzhou, the KMT Central Propaganda Department Acting Minister, editor of "political weekly", hosted the sixth farmer movement workshop. In November 1926, he served as secretary of the CPC Central Committee of Peasant Movement.

From the winter of 1925 to the spring of 1927, Mao Zedong published the "Analysis of Various Classes in Chinese Society" and "The Report of the Hunan Peasant Movement Investigation", pointing out the important importance of the peasant problem in the Chinese revolution and the extreme importance of the proletarian leadership of the peasantry. Mao Zedong Also criticized Chen Duxiu's right-leaning thought.

After the Kuomintang-Communist cooperation was fully undermined, at the emergency meeting of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China in August 1927, he proposed that "the regime was made from the guns", that is, the idea of taking power in revolutionary armed forces. After the meeting, to Hunan, Jiangxi border for autumn harvest uprising. And then led the troops to Jinggangshan, launched the land revolution, founded the first rural revolutionary base. Mao Zedong as the main representative of the Chinese Communists, starting from the reality of China, in the Kuomintang rule of the weak rural areas, the development of armed struggle, creating a rural encircle the city, and finally capture the city and the national power of the method.

In October 1934, Mao Zedong participated in the red side of the army long march. On the way to the Long March, in January 1935, the Political Bureau of the CPC Central Committee held an enlarged meeting in Guizhou, establishing a new central leadership represented by Mao Zedong. In October, the CPC Central Committee and the Red Army arrived in northern Shaanxi, ending the Long March. In December, the report of "On the Japanese imperialist strategy", clarified the anti-Japanese national united front policy. In December 1936, with Zhou Enlai to promote the Xi'an Incident, the Kuomintang and the Communist Party from the civil war to the second KMT-CPC cooperation, common anti-Japanese. In the same month, Mao Zedong wrote "the strategic issue of the Chinese revolutionary war". In the summer of 1937, writing "theory of practice" and "contradiction".

After the start of the war of resistance against Japan, led by the CPC Central Committee adhere to the united front and the principle of independence, mobilize the people, to carry out enemy guerrilla warfare, the establishment of a number of anti-Japanese base areas. During the war of resistance against Japan, he published "on the protracted war", "New Democracy" and other important works. In February 1942, led the party to carry out rectification movement, to correct the subjectivism and sectarianism, so that the whole party to further grasp the Marxist-Leninist general truth and the specific practice of the Chinese revolution combined with the basic direction, in order to win the victory of the war of resistance against Japan, Laid the ideological foundation.

After the victory of the Anti-Japanese War, Chiang Kai-shek tried to eliminate the Communist Party and its armed forces, Mao Zedong put forward the policy of struggle. In August 1945 went to Chongqing to negotiate with Chiang Kai-shek, indicating that the Chinese Communist Party's desire for domestic peace. In 1946 the summer Chiang Kai-shek launched a comprehensive civil war, Mao Zedong and Zhu De, Zhou Enlai to lead the Chinese People's Liberation Army to actively defend, focus on superior forces, each annihilated the enemy. March 1947 to March 1948, with Zhou Enlai, Ren Bishi fought in northern Shaanxi, commanding the northwest battlefield and the national liberation war. In the summer of 1947, the Chinese People's Liberation Army from the strategic defense into a strategic attack, after Liaoshen, Huaihai, Pingjin three major campaigns, overthrew the Kuomintang government.

On October 1, 1949, the People's Republic of China was established and Mao Zedong was elected chairman of the Central People's Government. In June 1950, he presided over the Third Plenary Session of the Seventh CPC Central Committee and put forward the overall task of fighting for the basic improvement of the state's financial and economic situation. October, because the US military attacked the Democratic People's Republic of Korea, threatening the situation in northeast China, led by Mao Zedong, the CPC Central Committee decided to fight the Korean War. 1950-1952, under his leadership, carried out land reform, suppressed counter-revolution and other democratic reforms, carried out against the corruption, against the waste, against the bureaucracy of the "three anti" movement and against bribery, against tax evasion, against the theft Deceive the state property, against the cut corners, against the theft of economic intelligence "five anti" movement. In June 1953, according to his proposal, the CPC Central Committee announced the party's general line in the transition period, began to systematically carry out socialist industrialization and the socialist transformation of the private ownership of the means of production.

From the 1950s onwards, he led the Chinese Communist Party and carried out resolute struggle with the Soviet Communist Party leaders pursuing great power and interference and control of China's attempts.

May 1966, as Mao Zedong on the domestic class struggle situation made an extreme estimate, he launched the "Cultural Revolution" campaign. This movement became particularly violent by the two counter-revolutionary groups of Lin Biao and Jiang Qing, which greatly exceeded Mao's expectations and his control, which lasted for ten years, causing serious damage and loss to many aspects of China. In the "Cultural Revolution", Mao Zedong also stopped and corrected some specific errors. He led the smashing of Lin Biao counter-revolutionary group struggle, to prevent Jiang Qing, Zhang Chunqiao to win the highest leadership.

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