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Stephen William Hawking

Stephen William Hawking (Picture 1)


Stephen William Hawking (1942–2018), male, was born in Oxford, England, a famous physicist at the University of Cambridge, one of the greatest modern physicists, and one of the great internationally acclaimed people of the 20th century. In the 1970s he and Penrose proved the famous singularity theorem, for which they jointly won the 1988 Wolf Prize in Physics. He is therefore known as the world's most famous scientific thinker and the most outstanding theoretical physicist after Einstein. With a thin "short history of time" conquered 30 million readers around the world. The black hole theory makes quantum theory and thermodynamics perfect in "Hawking radiation", and the quantum cosmology that he proposed in the 1980s without borders solves the "first push" problem that has plagued the scientific community for hundreds of years.

Stephen William Hawking, born on January 8, 1942 in Oxford, England, was born on the day of Galileo's 300th anniversary. Father Frank is a tropical disease expert who graduated from Oxford University. His mother Isabel graduated from Oxford in 1930 with a philosophy of philosophy, politics and economics. In January 1942, the Nazi Germans bombarded London, England, almost every night. This forced the Hawking family to move from Highgate's homeland to evacuate to Oxford. They returned to London after Hawking was born. Hawking’s academic performance in childhood was not outstanding, but he liked to design extremely complicated toys. It is said that he used a few discarded items to make a simple computer.

In 1959, 17-year-old Hawking enrolled at Oxford University's college to study natural sciences, earned a first class honours degree in a small amount of time, and then transferred to Cambridge University to study cosmology. In 1963, at the age of 21, he was unfortunately diagnosed with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, a motor neuron disease. At that time, the doctor had diagnosed the terminally ill and he could only live for two years, but he has been living strong. In 1965, at the age of 23, he obtained his Ph.D. and stayed at Cambridge University for research. From 1979 to 2009, he was a professor of mathematics at Lucas. His main research fields were cosmology and black holes. He proved the singular theorem of general relativity and the black hole area theorem. He proposed the black hole evaporation theory and the borderless Hawking universe model in the unified 20th century. The two basic theories of physics—the theory of relativity created by Einstein and the quantum mechanics created by Planck have taken an important step. Received CH (Honorary of Honor), CBE (Commander of the British Empire), FRS (Member of the Royal Society), FRSA (Member of the Royal Society of Art) and other honors.

In 1973, Hawking said that he calculated through calculation that while the quality of black holes is reduced during the formation process, they are constantly emitting radiation to the outside world in the form of energy. This is the famous Hawking radiation theory. The black hole radiation mentioned in this theory does not include any information about the material inside the black hole. Once the black hole is concentrated and evaporated, all the information disappears. This is called The "black hole paradox". This statement contradicts the theory of quantum mechanics. Because modern quantum physics determines that this material information will never completely disappear.

For more than 30 years, Hawking tried to explain this contradictory point of view with various speculations. Hawking once said that quantum motion in black holes is a special case. Because the gravity in black holes is very strong, quantum mechanics is no longer applicable at this time. Hawking’s statement did not convince many skeptics in the scientific community. It now appears that Hawking has finally given a more convincing answer to this contradictory view of the year. Hawking said that black holes never completely shut themselves down - Hawking radiation, they gradually radiate more and more heat to the outside world for a long time, then the black hole will eventually open itself and release the information contained in it.

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