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Famous physicist Yang Zhenning

Famous physicist Yang Zhenning (Picture 1)

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Yang Zhenning, born on October 1, 1922 in Hefei, Anhui Province, is a world-renowned physicist. He is a lecturer at the Chinese University of Hong Kong, a professor at Tsinghua University, a professor at the State University of New York at Stony Brook, a member of the Chinese Academy of Sciences, a member of the National Academy of Sciences, and Taiwan. Academician of the Academia Sinica, honorary academician of the Hong Kong Academy of Sciences, academician of the Russian Academy of Sciences, member of the Royal Society, won the Nobel Prize in Physics in 1957. He was the first Chinese-born scientist to visit China after the Sino-US relations were loosened. He actively promoted Sino-US cultural exchanges and mutual understanding between the Chinese and American people. He made contributions in promoting the establishment of diplomatic relations between China and the United States, exchanges of talents between China and the United States, and scientific and technological cooperation. Significant contribution.

Yang Zhenning, graduated from the National Southwestern United University in 1942; obtained a master's degree from Tsinghua University in 1944; received a Gengzi Indemnity Scholarship in 1945, and went to the United States to study abroad; in 1948, he received a Ph.D. degree from the University of Chicago and was a lecturer at the University of Chicago. Researcher at the Princeton Institute of Advanced Studies; professor at the Princeton Institute of Advanced Studies in the United States in 1955; professor and director of the Institute of Physics at the State University of New York at the University of New York in 1966; and Professor of the Bowen Chair at the Chinese University of Hong Kong in 1986; 1998 He is a professor at Tsinghua University; in 2017, he resumed Chinese nationality; in 2018, he served as honorary chairman of the West Lake University Council.

Yang Zhenning made a milestone contribution in the fields of particle physics, statistical mechanics and condensed matter physics. In the 1950s, he cooperated with RL Mills to propose a non-Abelian gauge field theory; in 1956, he co-operated with Li Zhengdao to propose a non-conservative law in the weak interaction; he did a lot of pioneering work in particle physics and statistical physics, and proposed Yang. - Baxter equation, opening up new directions for quantum integrable systems and multi-body problem research. Yang Zhenning also promoted the establishment of the Institute of Mathematical Sciences of the Chinese University of Hong Kong, the Advanced Research Center of Tsinghua University, the Theoretical Physics Laboratory of Nankai University and the Advanced Academic Research Center of Sun Yat-sen University.

In 1957, Yang Zhenning and Li Zhengdao won the Nobel Prize in Physics for jointly proposing the theory of non-conservation of parity. Yang Zhenning is proud of his acceptance of Chinese culture. When accepting the Nobel Prize, his representative delivered a speech: "I deeply perceive the fact that in a broad sense, I am a product of Chinese culture and Western culture. It is both a product of harmony between the two sides and a product of conflict between the two sides. I am willing to say that I am proud of my Chinese tradition. Similarly, I am dedicated to modern science."

Yang Zhenning won the Nobel Prize in Physics in 1957, which is a symbolic thing for the Chinese. China has always regarded itself as a great power in the heavens, but in 1840, the Opium War was defeated by the Western "boats and guns", and confidence has been lost since then. Yang Zhenning’s award, as he said, is “helping to change the Chinese people’s conscious self-consciousness.” It not only affects many young students’ physics, but his later thoughts and actions also have a profound impact on the Chinese academic culture. It is said that Yang Zhenning is the third "physical genius" with comprehensive knowledge and talent after the relay of Einstein and Fermi in the 20th century. He is one of the most well-known contemporary scientists among Chinese.

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