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Marie Skłodowska Curie

Marie Skłodowska Curie (Picture 1)

Marie Skłodowska Curie (1867-1934), a descendant of Poland, a famous French scientist, physicist, chemist. In 1903, the Curies and Becquerel jointly won the Nobel Prize in Physics for their research on radioactivity. In 1911, the elements of Po and Ra were again awarded the Nobel Prize in Chemistry.

Marie Skłodowska Curie, born on November 7, 1867 in a family of middle school teachers in Warsaw, Poland. Father Uladislav Skorodowski is a math teacher in middle school. The family loved her as "Maniya." Maria is the fifth child, with three sisters and one brother, namely Sophie, Bonnie Schrakeva, Helena and brother Joseph.

Marie Skłodowska Curie met a lecturer in Sorbonne, Pierre Curie, her later husband. The two of them often work together on radioactive materials to produce tons of industrial waste, because the total radioactivity of this ore is stronger than the radioactivity of the uranium it contains. In 1898, the Curies made a logical inference about this phenomenon: the bituminous uranium ore must contain some unknown radioactive component, and its radioactivity is far greater than the radioactivity of uranium. On December 26th, Marie Skłodowska Curie announced the idea of ​​the existence of this new substance.

In the years that followed, the Curies continued to refine the radioactive components of the bituminous uranium ore. After unremitting efforts, they finally succeeded in separating out radium chloride and discovered two new chemical elements: Po and Ra. Because of their discovery and research on radioactivity, the Curie and Henry Becler jointly won the Nobel Prize in Physics in 1903, and Marie Skłodowska Curie became the first woman to win the Nobel Prize in history. Eight years later, in 1911, Marie Skłodowska Curie won the Nobel Prize in Chemistry for his successful separation of radium. Surprisingly, after Marie Skłodowska Curie won the Nobel Prize, she did not apply for a patent for the method of purifying pure radium, and publicized it. This practice effectively promoted the development of radiochemistry.

During the First World War, Marie Skłodowska Curie advocated the use of radiology to rescue the wounded and promoted the use of radiology in the medical field. Later, she traveled to the United States in 1921 and raised funds for research in radiology. Marie Skłodowska Curie died on July 4, 1934 in Upper Savoy, France due to excessive exposure to radioactive material. After that, her eldest daughter, Irena Jolio-Curie, won the 1935 Nobel Prize in Chemistry. Her little daughter, Eve Curie, wrote "Marie Skłodowska Curie" after her mother died. In the inflation of the 1990s, Marie Skłodowska Curie's head appeared in Polish and French currency and stamps. The chemical element Cm is named to commemorate the Curie couple.

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