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Chinese National Peking Opera

Chinese National Peking Opera (Picture 1)

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Peking Opera, once called Ping Opera, is one of the five major Chinese opera dramas. The tone is mainly xipi and erhu, accompanied by Huqin and gongs and drums. The scene layout is focused on freehand. It is regarded as the Chinese quintessence, and the Chinese opera Sanding A is the "top of the list". Peking Opera has traveled all over the world and has become an important medium for introducing and disseminating Chinese traditional art culture. The distribution is centered around Beijing and spreads throughout China. On November 16, 2010, Peking Opera was included in the “List of Representatives of Human Intangible Cultural Heritage”.

The Hui opera is the predecessor of Peking Opera. In the fifty-five years of the Qianlong reign of the Qing Dynasty (1790), the three major Hui classes, which were originally performed in the south, entered Beijing, and they cooperated with the Han artists from Hubei. He accepted some of the repertoires, tunes and performance methods of Kunqu and Qin, absorbed some local folk tunes, and finally formed Peking Opera through constant communication and integration. After the formation of Peking Opera, it began to develop rapidly in the court of the Qing Dynasty until the Republic of China received unprecedented prosperity. Mei Lanfang's overseas Peking Opera performance in 1919-1935 eliminated the Western prejudice against Chinese drama and even Chinese people, promoted the spread of Chinese Peking Opera overseas, and enhanced cultural exchanges between the East and the West. The Chinese opera, the oriental art treasure, shines on the world drama stage.

The four artistic techniques of Peking Opera performances: singing, reading, doing, and playing are also four basic skills of Peking Opera performances. Singing refers to singing, reading refers to the musical whitening, the two complement each other, constitutes the "song" of one of the two major elements of the Beijing-dance performance art of singing and dancing, refers to the form of dance-like movements, and refers to the skills of martial arts and falling. The two are combined to form a "dance" of one of the two major elements of the Beijing-dance performance art of singing and dancing. Peking opera has sings, dances, dialogues, martial arts, and various symbolic movements. It is a highly integrated art.

Peking Opera divides the characters on the stage into four types: raw, Dan, net, and ugly. These four types of special terms in Beijing opera are called "business." Health: In addition to the face of the face and the harlequin, the male characters are collectively referred to as old students, Wusheng, Xiaosheng, Hongsheng, and doll students. Dan: The collective name of the female's positive role, divided into Tsing Yi (Zhengdan), Hua Dan, Qi Mendan, Knife Ma Dan, Wu Dan, Cai Dan. Net: Commonly known as the face, most of them are male characters who play a special character, quality or appearance. The makeup is made with a face, the tone is loud and the style is rough. Ugly: Play a comedy role, because a small piece of white powder is applied to the bridge of the nose, commonly known as a small flower face. Fragment ugly, Wu ugly and so on. Each line has a set of performance programs, which are unique in the skills of singing and playing.

After the founding of New China, the foreign exchanges of Peking Opera were mainly organized by the Ministry of Culture and the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, and Peking Opera became the cultural ambassador of the country. China sent a Beijing Opera Troupe to visit the world. Mei Lanfang visited the Soviet Union in 1952, 1957 and 1960, and visited Japan for the third time in 1956. He won great honors for Chinese traditional culture overseas. His superb performance not only made the world look at China's "national quintessence" Peking Opera, but also had a profound influence on the drama and film art in Japan, Europe and America. The masters of the drama Stanislavsky and Brecht both drew in their creations. The essence of Mei Lanfang's performing arts.

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