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Chinese Terracotta Warriors and Horses

Chinese Terracotta Warriors and Horses (Picture 1)

Qin Shihuang Terracotta Warriors and Horses is located 1.5 kilometers east of the Qin Shihuang Mausoleum in Lintong District, Xi'an City, Shaanxi Province. In March 1961, the Qin Shihuang Mausoleum was announced by the State Council of China as the first batch of national key cultural relics protection units. In March 1974, Terracotta Warriors and Horses were discovered; in 1987, the Mausoleum of the First Qin Emperor and the Terracotta Warriors and Horses were approved by UNESCO to be included in the "World Heritage List" and were hailed as "the eighth wonder of the world". There were more than 200 foreign heads of state. Visiting the Terracotta Warriors and Horses, it has become a golden business card of the ancient Chinese splendid civilization, and is known as one of the world's top ten ancient tomb treasures.

"Historical Records" records: Emperor Qin Shihuang's Mausoleum began to preside over the planning and design by the prime minister Li Si. The general Zhang Jian was supervised and built for 39 years. The Terracotta Warriors were built and buried in the burial pit at the same time. In the first year of Qin Ziying (206 BC), the First Qin Emperor’s Mausoleum suffered the biggest disaster. According to historical records such as "Historical Records Gaozu Jiji", after Xiang Yu entered the Guanzhong, the Mausoleum of the First Qin Emperor was destroyed on a large scale. The ground building was destroyed and the Mausoleum was excavated. The Terracotta Warriors were also seriously damaged in this catastrophe. The archaeological excavation shows that there are black charcoal remnants in the No. 1 crater and No. 2 crater, indicating that the collapse of the No. 1 and No. 2 craters was caused by the burning of fire.

The Terracotta Warriors and Horses of the First Emperor of Qin Shihuang sat west to the east, and the three pits were arranged in a shape of a character. The first to be discovered was the No. 1 crater, which was rectangular in shape. There were more than 8,000 terracotta warriors in the pit and sloped doorways on all sides. There is a terracotta warrior pit on the left and right sides of the No. 1 squat pit, called the No. 2 pit and the No. 3 pit. The Terracotta Warriors and Horses Pit is an underground tunnel-style civil structure, that is, a large pit about 5 meters deep is dug from the ground, and a parallel soil partition wall is built in the middle of the pit. The wooden pillars are arranged on both sides of the wall, the crossbars are placed on the pillars, and the slats are densely covered on the crossbars and the soil partition walls. The sheds are covered with a layer of banquets, and then the loess is covered to form the top of the pit. The top of the pit is higher than the surface at that time. Meter. The bottom of the crater is covered with blue bricks. The height of the space from the top of the pit to the bottom of the pit is 3.2 meters. After the pottery and pottery horses were put into the crater, the doorways around them were blocked with standing timber, and the doorway was filled with bauxite, thus forming a closed underground building.

The terracotta warriors and horses are distinguished by their identities. There are mainly two categories of soldiers and military sergeants. The military squad has low-level, intermediate-level and high-level distinctions. Generally, soldiers do not wear crowns, while military uniforms wear crowns. The crowns of ordinary military officers are different from the crowns of generals, and even armor is different. Among them, the soldiers include infantry, cavalry, and chariots. According to actual needs, the warriors of different arms have different equipment. Most of the craters are samurai scorpions. Most of them hold bronze weapons. They have bows, cymbals, arrowheads, cymbals, spears, gems, cymbals, swords, scimitars and cymbals. They wear a fine armor and have a chest. The color line is tied into the ear. The military uniform wears a long crown, and the number is more than the military. The face, body, expression, eyebrows, eyes and age of the Terracotta Warriors and Horses are different.

Terracotta Warriors and Horses of the First Emperor of Qin Shihuang have vividly and vividly shaped a variety of characters with certain personalities. Its style is rich, succinct and full of touching artistic charm, which is a symbol of the maturity of ancient Chinese shaping art. It not only inherits the Chinese ceramic tradition since the Warring States, but also lays a foundation for the prosperity of the Tang Dynasty to shape art. It plays a role of connecting the past and the future, and is known as the "eighth wonder of the world" and "the treasure of ancient human spiritual civilization." In 1987, the Mausoleum of the First Qin Emperor and the Terracotta Warriors and Horses were approved by the UNESCO for inclusion in the World Heritage List.

A total of 15 high-resolution pictures:
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