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French Louvre

French Louvre (Picture 1)

The Louvre (French: Musée du Louvre) is located on the north bank of the Seine in the heart of Paris, France, and is the world's top five museums. Originally built in 1204, it was originally the royal palace of France. It has lived in 50 French kings and queens. It is one of the most precious buildings of the French Renaissance. It is famous for its rich collection of classical paintings and sculptures. It is now the Louvre Museum, covering an area of ​​about 198 hectares. The Louvre has a statue of the broken arm Venus, the oil painting of the Mona Lisa and the stone goddess of victory, which is known as the world's three treasures. It has more than 400,000 art collections, including sculpture, painting, art and ancient oriental , ancient Egypt and ancient Greece, ancient Rome and other six categories. From ancient Egyptian, Greek, Etruscan, Roman art, to art from the East, there are sculptures from the Middle Ages to the modern, as well as an amazing number of royal treasures and paintings.

The Louvre is one of the four major museums in the world. It was built in 1204 as the castle of the Palace of Philip August II. Known for its rich collection of classical paintings and sculptures, the palace is one of the most precious buildings of the French Renaissance. Its overall building is "U" shaped and covers an area of ​​24 hectares with a building area of ​​4.8 hectares. The Louvre is divided into six parts: the Greek and Roman Art Museum, the Egyptian Art Museum, the Oriental Art Museum, the Painting Gallery, the Sculpture Hall and the Art Deco Museum. In 1204, during the Crusades, in order to defend the Paris region on the North Shore, Philip II built a castle leading to the Seine, which was mainly used to store the archives and treasures of the royal family, as well as to store his dogs and prisoners of war. It was called the Louvre at the time. During the period of Charles V, the Louvre was used as a palace, thus making it a completely different building.

In the middle of the 16th century, after Francis I succeeded to the throne, he demolished the palace. He ordered the architect Pierre Lesco to rebuild a palace on the basis of the original castle. Francis also asked the famous painter of the time to paint his portrait. He worshipped the Italian painter and bought the painting of Faero, the most famous painter of Italy at the time. Including "Mona Lisa" and other treasures. After Henry II, the son of Francis I, took the throne, he rebuilt the part of his father's destruction. Henry loves the decoration of French Renaissance architecture and is not interested in Italian architecture. He followed his father's hobbies, but he did not have the same aesthetics as his father.

During Henry IV's reign, he spent 13 years working on the most spectacular part of the Louvre, the Grand Gallery. This is a gorgeous corridor of up to 300 meters. The corridor is very long. Henry is full of trees and birds and dogs. Louis XIV is a famous king in French history. He is known as the Sun King. He was only 5 years old when he was enthroned and he was a king for 72 years at the Louvre. Louis XIV built the Louvre into a square courtyard and built a magnificent gallery outside the courtyard. He purchased paintings from various European schools, including works by Kashiro and Rembrandt. He was obsessed with art and architecture throughout his life, causing the French vault to be empty. During the reign of Louis XVI, the famous 1789 Revolution broke out and the first guillotine of the French Revolution was established in the Louvre "Arena" yard. On May 27, 1792, the National Assembly announced that the Louvre would belong to the public.

On August 10, 1793, the Louvre Art Museum was officially opened to the public and became a public museum. This situation lasted for six years until Napoleon I moved into the Louvre. Napoleon built more houses on the outskirts of the building and strengthened the two wings of the palace. Arches were also built in the arena. The first engraving horses on the arches were taken from the San Marco church in Venice. Down. Napoleon decorated the Louvre in an unprecedented way, and he moved the best art from other European countries into the Louvre. Napoleon continued to expand outwards and dominated Europe, so thousands of tons of art were shipped to Paris from the halls, libraries and Catholic churches of all conquered countries. Napoleon renamed the Louvre to the Napoleon Museum, and the huge promenade was filled with the art he had plundered. In the Louvre, Napoleon's glory lasted for 12 years, until the fiasco of the Battle of Waterloo.

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