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Temple of Artemis

Temple of Artemis (Picture 1)

For the ancient people, hunting is not a leisure and entertainment project, but one of the main means of raising a family. Therefore, as the goddess of hunting in ancient Greek mythology, Artemis was deeply loved by the Greek people. In order to express her devotion to her, around 550 BC, the ancient Greeks built the world-famous Temple of Artemis. The Temple of Artemis is one of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World. The Temple of Artemis was the largest marble building in the world at that time, covering an area of ​​6,050 square meters, larger than a football field. The site of the Temple of Artemis is estimated to be located in the ancient city of Ephesus, about 50 km south of Izmir in Turkey.

In 1836, the British amateur traveler and archaeologist John Tutwood was extremely eager to find the Temple of Artemis, and was excavated with funding from the British Museum. He first discovered the inscription on the inner wall of the Amphitheatre's amphitheatre, written by the local citizen Kushiro Darius. The inscription records that a large number of gold statues of the goddess Artemis had been donated to the Great Temple. The most attractive thing for him was Each year, at the birth of the goddess of Artemis, the statues will be walked from the temple to the Menara Gate Street. Tutwood believes that only the Mena Gate can be found, and the temple road can be found. After eleven years of excavation, Wood is At the depth of seven meters underground, the remains of the temple were excavated. Based on the unearthed building materials and cylindrical debris, with the help of artists and architects, the original face of the temple was successfully sketched out.

However, in the process of excavation, Wood missed the statue of the goddess Artemis. Years later, Australian archaeologists discovered the statue of the goddess behind the wall of the city hall, where she spent seventeen centuries in the dark. I once welcomed the numerous merchant ships from Greece, Phoenicia, and the fleet of Carthage, and the prosperous city of Afisos, the Turks. The Temple of Artemis is said to be located in the ancient city of Afisos (about 50 km south of Izmir in Turkey). It is located in Asia Minor and is one of the cities of the ancient Ionian region. It has become a commercial in West Asia around the 6th century BC. The center is prosperous and it is a very wealthy city. There have been many great philosophers and poets.

The Temple of Artemis was the largest marble building in the world at that time, covering an area of ​​6,050 square meters, larger than a football field. The most famous of the entire temple is the inner two rows of marble columns, at least 106, each about 12 to 18 meters high. Inside and outside the temple, the famous artists of the time were decorated with reliefs such as copper, silver, gold and ivory. In the center of the beautiful and beautiful temple, there is a "U"-shaped altar with statues of the goddess of Artemis for worship. The Temple of Artemis has experienced seven reconstructions. In 356 BC, the temple was destroyed by fire. When it was rebuilt, the length of the marble column was increased to 21.7 meters, and a 13-step ladder was added. In the early 5th century AD, the Eastern Roman Empire occupied Ephesus, and its emperor Odysseus II was an avid Christian believer who did not believe in hunting goddess. Under the orders of Odysseus, the Temple of Artemis was completely destroyed and has since disappeared from the world forever.

A total of 6 high-resolution pictures:
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