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88mm anti-aircraft gun (FlaK 41)

88mm anti-aircraft gun (FlaK 41) (Picture 1)

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The 88mm gun (FlaK 41) was designed and tested by the Krupp subsidiary of the world-famous artillery manufacturer in Germany. After the on-site test was completed, it began service in 1933 and has a particularly strong anti-tank capability. The 88mm anti-aircraft gun was the most successful artillery system used in the Second World War, and it has a very high rate of fire. When Hitler finally abandoned the shackles of the arms limitation treaty, the 88mm anti-aircraft gun was immediately adopted by the German Air Force (the German air defense force is under the jurisdiction of the Air Force) as the standard equipment for the medium caliber artillery.

Due to the outstanding performance of the 88mm anti-tank in anti-tank, the Germans decided to further explore its potential and developed a special anti-tank gun based on it. In 1940, the German authorities issued an order to develop a two-purpose gun for the air and the chariot, and was developed by Rheinmetall. Since the basic requirement is to carry out the anti-war vehicle mission, the low-turret frame design of the general anti-warcraft gun is adopted, and the range is increased by more than 4,000 meters at the same time. Originally named "Gerat37", the gun was later renamed the FlaK 41 88mm anti-aircraft gun to avoid confusion with the old FlaK 37 FlaK 88mm anti-aircraft gun. FlaK 41 was originally used in North Africa, but it was mainly used by the German local air defense department due to insufficient production.

In February 1941, Rommel led the African Army to the North African battlefield. Compared with the British army against the base, the tanks in Rommel's hands are not dominant in quality or quantity. However, this deficiency has given the 88mm cannon FlaK 41 a chance to show its talents. In the Battle of Salum in June, the British army launched an attack on nearly half of the tanks of the German-occupied Halfaya. When the British tanks approached the German positions, the 88mm cannons roared in the pre-excavated and cleverly disguised fortifications. The British army was caught off guard and Cangjie lost. In the service, the British army dropped 123 tank wrecks, two-thirds of which were the results of the 88-mm gun.

In addition to the heavy losses of British tanks in the North African battlefield, in the east line, the 88mm anti-tank (FlaK 41) also became the pillar of the German anti-tank force. When the Germans first encountered the Soviet KV-1 and T-34 tanks in the "Barbarossa" victory, they fell into a situation that was more awkward than in the French battlefield. The armor protection of these two tanks was unheard of by the Germans, and the 37mm anti-tank shells were like itching. As a result, the Germans once again relied on the 88mm anti-aircraft gun, and it once again lived up to expectations.

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