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Snow owl

Snow owl (Picture 1)

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The snowy owl is a large owl of the family Aquilidae. The head is round and small, the face is not obvious, and there are no ear feather clusters. The base of the mouth is full of bristle-like whiskers, covering almost all of the mouth. Iris is golden-yellow, lead gray or horn-brown in mouth, gray in claw base, and black in tip. Its feather color is very beautiful, and the body is snow-white, and sometimes it is covered with dark horizontal spots. Snowy owls cover the Arctic tundra and islands in the Arctic Circle that are not completely covered by snow and ice, including Alaska, Canada, Greenland, northern Scandinavia, Russia, northern Novgorod, and northern Siberia.

Snowy owls inhabit tundra and tundra zones, and are also found in wasteland hills. Feeds on rodents, birds, and insects. Breeds in the Arctic and Siberia. Snowy owls live in the Arctic. Owls usually come out for prey at night, while snowy owls can come out to move during the day and night. Owls generally live on trees. There is no such condition in the Arctic, so snowy owls can only build their own nests on rocks. The snowy owl lays 12 eggs a year. When the female snowy owl hatches in the nest, the male snowy owl assumes the task of foraging and protecting the family. Mainly prey on lemmings, and occasionally prey on large prey such as hare, gull and duck.

Because the snow owls are fully active during the day, when courting and showing off, they also have aerobatic performances that other owls do not have. Xueying's courtship performance is complex and exquisite, consisting of two parts: aerial performance and ground performance. The courtship performance begins with an aerial performance. First, the male snow owl will hold a rock thunder bird with its beak or two claws, and fly ups and downs, then climb, and finally end with an elegant vertical landing. After landing, the male snow owl will perform a ground show. First, it will stand upright with its back to the female snow owl, then lower its head, tilt its body toward the ground, the tail feathers will not fully expand, and the entire body will be almost on the ground.

Snow owls are the provincial bird of Quebec, Canada, and the image of snow owls also appeared on the 50 Canadian dollar denominations issued in 1986. The biggest threat to snow owls is the impact of human activities on their living environment. Their main cause of death is power transmission lines. , Fences, cars collide, and people sometimes kill snowy owls for eating their meat, as a souvenir, or to protect hunted animals. Canadian provinces and territories, where snow owls are widely distributed, have issued regulations prohibiting the hunting and killing of snow owls nationwide.

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