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Maya City State Ruins

Maya City State Ruins (Picture 1)


Located in the middle of the Yucatan Peninsula, the Maya City State Site is the largest and most prosperous city-state of the ancient Mayan Empire. It was built in 514 AD. The Chichen Itza city-state ruins were once the largest and most prosperous city-state of the ancient Mayan Empire. The Copan Mayan ruins are one of the most important areas of the Mayan civilization and have grand architecture. They belong to the early and late slavery city-state ruins. The Mayans reflected the highest level of civilization at that time. Surprisingly, when Europe was still in the dark, the residents here could have portrayed the appearance of space, evolved the Native American writing system, and had mastered it. mathematics. They also invented the calendar we are still using. It is a miracle that they have the ability to build such a huge and beautifully constructed city without irons, moving animals or even wheels.

Mayan culture is one of the world famous ancient civilizations and one of the three ancient Indian civilizations in Latin America. It is the cradle of American Indian culture, and the Mayan culture has a long history of development, which lasted from about 1800 BC to 1524 AD. However, a mystery of the ages that has not been fully explained in the contemporary era is that the Mayan culture of such a glorious past has suddenly and mysteriously declined in the early 10th century. It was only after the 11th century that the Toltecs from the southern plateau of Mexico, together with the rest of the Maya, partially revived in the northern part of the Yucatan Peninsula. However, compared with the heyday of Mayan culture, it is no longer the same. Later, after the Spanish colonists invaded, they became even more devastated.

Around 2600 BC, the Mayans were probably the most orthodox residents of the American continent. Around 250 AD, they lived mainly in contemporary South Mexico, Guatemala, North Belize, and western Honduras. The Mayans developed astronomy, calendar systems, hieroglyphics, and the level of architecture at that time was quite high, including pyramids, palaces, observatories, etc., which were not built using iron tools. Around 300 BC, the Maya adopted a hierarchy, and the king and the nobility came to formulate relevant regulations. During the 200-900 AD period, the nation developed to its peak.

Through archaeological exploration, we know that these cities are large in scale, and some cities have a length and width of several kilometers. There are many magnificent temples and palaces in the city. There are exquisite carvings on the walls, pillars, steps and stone monuments of the buildings. Some places have also found fascinating murals, depicting scenes of celebrations, offering tribute, escorting prisoners of war, fighting for fighting, etc. High artistic achievement. In addition, the multi-level pyramid temple building is amazing and amazing. Several multi-level pyramids in the city of Uxmal reflect the original concept of the Maya to the earth. They have several layers on the earth, each with 13 worlds; the same is true for the lower part of the earth, with 9 worlds per layer. Each layer is under the control of “Boundary God”.

The Mayans believe in the sun god, the moon god, the zombie god, the god of the wind, the rain god, the earth god and the god of agriculture, especially the worship of corn gods. They use divination to communicate the connection between man and God. The Maya sacrifices the gods to a large scale. The sacrifices are once popular among the animals, birds, and fruits. Around the year BC, the Mayans had hieroglyphics, including many pictograms and phonetic symbols, syllables, which were usually written on the fig bark with a small brush. The famous "pictogram stairway" in the Koban City complex is a unique monumental building of the Maya. However, the Mayan writings that have been left to the present are mostly inscriptions carved on stone tablets, pottery, and bones, and have not been identifiable so far.

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