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Beautiful tulips

Beautiful tulips (Picture 1)

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Tulips are perennial herbs of the genus Tulipa in the lily family, with bulbs. Tulips are widely believed to be native to Turkey and are the national flower of Turkey, the Netherlands, Hungary and other countries. Tulips are world-famous bulbous flowers, or excellent cut flower varieties. The flowers are strong and straight, the leaves are elegant and beautiful, and the lotus-like flowers are dignified and attractive. It is regarded as a symbol of victory and beauty in Europe and America. After long-term hybrid cultivation by horticulturalists, there are more than 8,000 varieties in the world. About 150 species have been mass-produced, among which red, yellow, and purple are most popular.

Tulips are native to the Mediterranean coast, Central Asia, Turkey and other places. Due to the Mediterranean climate, tulips are formed to adapt to the characteristics of wet and cold in winter and dry and hot in summer. They are dormant in summer, take root in autumn and winter, and germinate but do not unearth. Stretching to form stems and leaves, flowering characteristics from March to April. The suitable temperature for growing and flowering is 15 ~ 20 ℃. Flower bud differentiation is carried out when the bulbs are yellowed from the pots and stored in the shady outdoor during the summer. The appropriate temperature for differentiation is 20 ~ 25 ℃, and the maximum temperature should not exceed 28 ℃.

Tulips are long-day flowers. They are sunny and sheltered from the wind. They are warm and humid in winter and cool and dry in summer. It can grow normally above 8 ℃, and generally can withstand low temperature of -14 ℃. The cold resistance is very strong. If there is thick snow in the severe cold area, the bulbs can overwinter in the open field, but they are afraid of the heat. Slightly acidic sandy loam soil with rich humus, looseness and fertility, and good drainage is required.

Tulip breeding methods are often divided into ball and seeding methods. After growing in one season, the blasting ball can produce 1-2 large bulbs and 3-5 small bulbs at the same time. It can be planted separately according to the size of the bulb. After the large bulb is planted, it can flower in the same year, and the small ball can be cultivated for 1-2 years. The sowing and reproduction of tulips are mostly used to cultivate new varieties. The seeds were harvested before the capsules matured and cracked, and the sand was planted indoors until October. Keep it moist until the next spring. Flowering about 3-4 years.

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