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Bali, Indonesia

Bali, Indonesia (Picture 1)

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Bali, Indonesia's island, located in the eastern part of Java Island, covers an area of ​​5,620 square kilometers. The island is densely populated and is a world-famous tourist island. Most of Bali is mountainous, with mountains across the island, and the terrain is high in the east and low in the west. The highest peak on the island is the Agung volcano at an altitude of 3,142 meters. Bali is the only region in Indonesia that believes in Hinduism. 80% believe in Hinduism. The local language is Balinese and is also spoken in Indonesian and English. Due to the versatile style of Bali, the scenery is very beautiful. Therefore, it also enjoys a variety of other names, such as "Island of the Gods", "Island of the Devil", "Romans Island", "Island of the Isles", "Island of Paradise", "Island of Magic", "Island of Flowers" . In 2015, Indonesian Bali was named one of the best islands in the world by a survey of the famous American travel magazine "Travel + Leisure". Bali is a world-famous tourist destination, accounting for 45% of Indonesia's tourism revenue for several years, and 80% of Bali's local residents are engaged in tourism. According to statistics, the total number of foreign tourists coming to Bali each year is more than 3 million.

The Balinese people are made up of a variety of South Island immigrants and prehistoric mixed blood of about 2,500 years ago. Around the 10th century, Indian civilization influenced all of Southeast Asia and was introduced to Bali via Java Island, providing the rudiment of later Balinese literature, art, social organization and politics. In the 13th century, Hindu Javanese began to rule Bali; Islam was introduced to Java in 1515, prompting a large number of Hindu monks, nobles, soldiers, artisans and artists to flee to Bali, creating the golden age of Bali in the 16th century. At the beginning of the 20th century, the Dutch decided to conquer the island. The Balinese indigenous people chose large-scale collective suicide after the defeat was ineffective. In 1906, almost all the nobles of the royal family of Denpasar committed suicide in front of the Dutch army. The suicide incident caused a shock after the news reached Europe, forcing the colonists to practice more humane rule, and the traditional cultural characteristics of Bali could be maintained.

Due to the influence of Indian culture and religion in history, most of the residents believe in Hinduism and are the only places in Indonesia that believe in Hinduism. But the Hinduism here is not the same as Hinduism in India. It is a combination of Hindu teachings and Balinese customs, called Bali Hinduism. Residents mainly worship the three gods (Brazil, Vishnu, Shiva) and Buddhism's Sakyamuni, and also worship the sun god, water god, Vulcan, Fengshen and so on. There are temples in the homes of the believers. The family consists of temples with temples and village temples. There are more than 125,000 temples on the island. Therefore, the island has the reputation of "the island of thousands of temples". The most famous temple in the temple is the Baishaji Mausoleum, which has a thousand-year-old history. The mausoleum was built on the slopes of the Agung volcano called the "navel of the world" to dedicate the volcanic god of this intermittent eruption. The hierarchical stone sculpture of the Mausoleum is similar to the Angkor Wat in Cambodia.

Bali is not only beautiful in its natural scenery, but also rich in its cultural and social customs. The classical dances of the Balinese people are elegant and unique, and they have a unique position in the world of dance art. They are also a vivid flower in the Indonesian national dance. Among them, the lion and sword dance are the most representative. Bali's carvings (wood carvings, stone carvings), paintings and handicrafts are also known for their exquisite craftsmanship and unique style. Exquisite statues and reliefs of wood and stone can be seen everywhere on the island. Therefore, the island has the reputation of "the island of art". Mas is the island's famous woodcarving centre. Bali's paintings are unique, mostly painted on burlap or white canvas with glue and mineral pigments. The theme is based on pastoral scenery and people's living customs, with a strong local color. Therefore, Bali is known as the "island of poetry" and "the Greek of the East." Located in the middle of the island, Bird Mu is a painting center, which houses many historical relics and huge paintings.

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