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Hangzhou West Lake

Hangzhou West Lake

West Lake, located in the west of Hangzhou, Zhejiang Province, is China's first batch of national key scenic spots and one of China's top ten scenic spots. It is one of the main ornamental freshwater lakes in China and is one of the few "World Heritage List" and the only cultural heritage of the lake in China. West Lake surrounded by mountains, an area of about 6.39 square kilometers, east and west width of 2.8 km, about 3.2 km north and south, circumference nearly 15 km. The lake is separated by Gushan, Baidi, Suti, Yanggongdi, according to the size of the area were outside the West Lake, West Lake, North Lake, small lake and Yuehu and other five water, Suti, Baidi across the lake, Xiaoying Chau, Lake Pavilion, Ruan Gongdun three islands in the West Lake outside the lake, sunset mountain peak tower and the treasure stone mountain Baochu tower across the lake matched, thus forming a "mountain, two towers, three islands, Three embankment, five lakes,"the basic pattern.

Historically, the greatest impact on the West Lake is Wu Yueguo and the Southern Song Dynasty. West Lake's comprehensive development and basic stereotypes are in this two dynasties.

Into the Five Dynasties and Ten Kingdoms period, Wu Yueguo (907-960) to Hangzhou as the capital, to promote traffic with the coastal areas, and Japan, North Korea and other countries trade. At the same time, due to the worship of Buddhism in the past dynasty, the construction of a large number of temples, pagodas, buildings and grottoes around the West Lake, the expansion of Lingyin Temple, the creation of Zhaoqing Temple, Jingci Temple, Li'an Temple, Liu Tong Temple and Taoguang Temple Baochu tower, six and tower, lee pagoda and white tower, sometimes known as the Buddha. Lingyin Temple, Tianzhu and other monasteries and Qiantang River tide is the resort.

In 1127, after the Southern Song Dynasty in Lin'an, Hangzhou became the country's political, economic and cultural center, population growth, economic prosperity, entered the heyday of development. Hangzhou tourists, each year in addition to pilgrims, but also increased the national envoy, merchants, monks, students, domestic businessmen to Hangzhou trade. West Lake scenic spots began to be widely known. At that time, in the West Lake boat tour is very prosperous, according to ancient records, "the lake has hundreds of fine ships", the poet Yang Wanli also wrote poetry praised the West Lake beauty.

West Lake and Buddhism, Taoism and so have a close relationship. In the long history, various religious groups and Taoist temples gathered in the West Lake and the surrounding mountains, adding a strong religious color of the West Lake. Which especially in the Wu Yueguo period for the heyday. At that time, generations of kings were eager to learn Buddhism and built many temples, pagodas, buildings and grottoes around the West Lake. Today, Baochu Tower and the reconstruction of the Pagoda is still the representative of the West Lake scenic spots, and Lingyin Temple is one of the most popular tourist attractions in the West Lake.

West Lake since ancient times has spread many folk tales and myths. One of the most famous is the "White Snake", "Liang Shanbo and Zhu Yingtai" and "Su small". White Snake in the "broken bridge meet", "White Lady was pressure lee pagoda" and other plot and the West Lake has a close contact. And the legend of Butterfly Lovers love story occurred in the West Lake Wan Song College. In addition, Hangzhou also spread Yue Fei, Ji Gong, Qianlong to Jiangnan play and other legends.

June 24, 2011 held in Paris, France at the 35th World Heritage Conference, "Hangzhou West Lake Cultural Landscape" officially included in the world cultural heritage list. A total of 3322.88 hectares (including "West Lake Ten King" and Baochu Tower, Lei Fengta Ruins, Liuhe Tower, Jingci Temple, Lingyin Temple, Fei Lingfeng statue, Yue Fei Tomb% 2F Temple, Linting House, Pantou Road, Qiantang Museum, the site of the Qingjiang Palace, Wuhe carved stone and Lin tomb, Xilingyinshe, Longjing and other cultural historical sites are within the scope of the landscape), the buffer zone 7270.31 hectares, The inclusion criteria include a significant impact on the development of architecture, technology, commemorative art, town planning, and landscape design in a period of time or in a cultural circle, facilitating the exchange of human values; presenting a culture of existing or vanished Traditions, civilizations of the unique or rare evidence; with significant universal values of events, living traditions, ideas, beliefs, art and literary works, there are direct or substantive links.

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